The first to know mummification of the dead and its steps, we will talk today about a very important and distinctive topic, about the first to know mummification of the dead and its steps, and we will talk about it in detail.
Definition of embalming
- It is the preservation of the body after the soul comes out of it, that is, after death, in a manner known to the ancient Egyptians, so that the body would remain intact for a long period of time.
- In our time, however, they use injections with a specific substance in order for the bacteria to die, so that the body remains without mold or they put the body in the cooling.
- The mummification process is still used to this day, as it is used in medicine and scientific fields, but it was widely used by ancient scientists.
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The first to know mummification of the dead and its steps
1 – The first to know the embalming of the dead
The first to be known by the ancient Egyptians, and they used to use aromatic materials as well as chemicals, as they believed that the body is the home of everyone. They loved life and enjoyed it and decided to prepare for death so that they could live it after death.
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2 – His steps
- The aim of their mummification was to make the outward appearance as it is without any change.
- Then they make an opening in the nostril or from the bottom of the head from the back to drain the brain, and they apply material from the nostril.
- They also break the nasal bones as well as the brain bones, and then they come up with a large and long instrument on which they wrap a linen cloth during their brain cracking.
- Then they make an opening in the lower abdomen so that the embalmed can empty the dead body of all its organs to prevent rotting.
- The remaining part of the body is the kidneys because the person who mummifies cannot reach them because they are in a place that is difficult to remove.
- After that, they wrap the body in a 300-meter-long linen cloth, and then place the body in salt for thirty days.
- Then they put it inside a deep hole filled with salt and during the period the salt will be removed from this hole because all the body absorbs it.
- Then they fill the body with cloth, sawdust, straw, and they pull off the nails and put them back in by applying an adhesive.
- They also shave the head completely, cover the body with a certain plaster, and put honey wax so that they close the nostril and the eye, and put something with the body that shows its knowledge and indicates his profession, either from his home or buying it.
Types of embalming
There are three types of mummification:
- Mummification is simple and is either by drying or by liquids.
- A modern mummification, which is what is happening in our time now, by injection of a substance or putting it in cooling.
- An ancient embalming, which is the embalming performed by the pharaohs, and it is considered one of the largest and most complex embalming, which is the emptying of the body of the organs.
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Cotton for wadding, as well as cloth and wood carpentry – wire clippers – nails – pins – thread and needle, artificial eyes – wood bases – formalin – and narcotic substance.
The materials used for embalming
Of the materials that they used strictly in the mummification process, namely:
1 – Natron
It is a substance of sodium bicarbonate, which is a salt that comes out of the flood of water and is considered one of the basics of embalming as it works to dry the body outside and inside, and they were found in the pots next to the body.
2 – Bitumen
It is called asphalt and this substance was not used in mummification in a clear way, as it works to preserve the body from decomposition and not to decompose, and as the ancient Egyptians found it filled with the bodies of the bodies of the ages before them.
They use it to fix the linen fabric in which the body is wrapped so that the cloth does not loosen, and this material is found on scalding trees and is still present until now.
4 – bitter
It is also a type of gum, but it is characterized by having a nice smell, and it is used to wipe the body before and after emptying, and it is also used for evaporation and is found mostly in Taiba.
Where it is used to close the eye and nose openings, as it works to close wounds, and also works as a kind of isolation material, as it was discovered on the thighs of mummified corpses.
6 – Plants
Where there are some types of plants used for embalming them (onions – date wine – henna plant – juniper oil).
Ruling on mummification of humans and birds
- If the embalming is for a specific goal, find evidence of evidence in charge, or make it a period to pray for it before it rots, this is permissible.
- But if something is removed from the body of the deceased without any convincing reason, such as removing the intestine, heart, etc., this is considered a representation of the dead, and this is forbidden.
- While birds are like that, then it is permissible, and God knows best, especially if knowledge has the intention of anatomy, but it is not permissible in representation, as the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, said (A slave’s feet do not go away on the Day of Resurrection until he is asked about four).
Evidence prohibiting embalming
- The religion of Islam has prohibited the greatest religion, embalming the dead and burying them. He also showed us the method of burying the dead, and there are verses and hadiths that show the sanctity of the dead and not to overlook them.
- God Almighty said: (We have honored the children of Adam and carried them on land and sea, provided them with good things, and preferred them over many of his creation in preference.)
- Also, it was narrated on the authority of Jaber, may God be pleased with him, who said: I went out with the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, in a funeral, and he sat upon him, peace be upon him, at the brink of the grave and we sat with him. Grave ).
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