Symptoms of diphtheria respiratory disease and how to treat it

The symptoms of diphtheria respiratory disease and how to treat it is what we will learn about during this article, as many people may be exposed to this dangerous disease, some of them are treated and others are not treated, and what this disease affects most are young children, and its severity may be that its symptoms are similar. With the roles of cold and sore throat, that is why they do not care about it, and in order to help you get to know everything related to this disease, we will present to you the symptoms of respiratory disease and how to treat it.

What is diphtheria respiratory disease?

  • It is a serious bacterial infection that affects the mucous membranes of the throat and nose, and although it spreads easily from one person to another, the infection can be prevented through the use of vaccines.
  • So call your doctor right away if you think you have diphtheria, and if left untreated, it can cause severe damage to the kidneys, nervous system, and heart.
  • Before we talk about the symptoms of respiratory diphtheria and how to treat it, we will learn about the causes that lead to the occurrence of this disease.

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Causes of diphtheria:

A type of bacteria called croup diphtheria, and the condition usually spreads through contact between a person or through contact with organisms that contain these bacteria, such as using used tissues. Infection may also occur if you are around an infected person when he sneezes or coughs.

Even if an infected person shows no signs or symptoms of diphtheria, they can still transmit the bacterial infection for up to six weeks after the initial infection.

The most common bacteria that infects the nose and throat once infected, and the bacteria release dangerous substances called toxins. The toxins spread through the bloodstream and often cause a thick, gray layer to form in these areas of the body:

  • the nose.
  • Throat.
  • the tongue.
  • Trachea.

In some cases, these toxins can also damage other systems, including the heart, brain, and kidneys, and this can lead to potentially dangerous complications such as:

  • Myocarditis.
  • Paralysis occurs.
  • Renal failure.

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Symptoms of diphtheria respiratory disease and how to treat it:

Signs of diphtheria usually appear within two to five days of the infection occurring. Some people have no symptoms, while others have mild symptoms that resemble those of the common cold.

The most common and obvious symptom of diphtheria is a thick gray coating on the throat and tonsils. Other common symptoms include:

  • fever.
  • Chills.
  • Swollen glands in the neck.
  • Cough, barking loudly.
  • Sore throat.
  • Cyanosis of the skin
  • Drooling.
  • A general feeling of discomfort or discomfort.

Additional symptoms may occur as the infection progresses, including:

  • Difficulty breathing or swallowing.
  • Changes in vision.
  • the speech is not clear.
  • Signs of shock, such as pale and cold skin, sweating, and a rapid heartbeat.

Diphtheria complications:

If left untreated, diphtheria can lead to:

1- Problems with breathing:

The bacteria that cause diphtheria may produce the toxin, and this toxin destroys the tissue in the immediate infection area such as the nose and throat. At this site, the infection produces a hard, gray membrane consisting of dead cells, bacteria and other materials, this membrane can obstruct breathing.

2- Heart damage:

Diphtheria infection may spread through the bloodstream, which damages other tissues in the body, such as the heart muscle, causing such complications as myocarditis, and the heart damage caused by myocarditis may be minor, and appears as minor abnormalities in the EKG , Or severe, leading to congestive heart failure and sudden death.

3- Nerve damage:

The toxin can also cause nerve damage such as throat nerves, as poor nerve conduction leads to difficulty swallowing, and the nerves in the arms and legs may also become inflamed, causing muscle weakness, and damaging the nerves that help control the muscles used in breathing, these muscles may You become paralyzed, making breathing impossible without a breathing machine or other machine to aid breathing.

How is diphtheria diagnosed?

Your doctor will likely perform a physical exam to check for swollen lymph nodes. They will also ask you about your medical history and the symptoms you’ve been experiencing.

Methods for treating respiratory diphtheria:

Diphtheria is a dangerous condition, so your doctor will want to start treatment right away.

  • The first step of treatment is an anti-toxin injection, and these are used to combat the toxin produced by the bacteria, be sure to tell your doctor if you suspect that you may have an antidote allergy, he may be able to give small doses of the antidote, and the doctor will prescribe antibiotics for you. , Such as erythromycin or penicillin, to help clear up the infection.
  • During treatment, you may stay in the hospital so you can avoid spreading the infection to others, and they may also prescribe antibiotics for those close to you.

How is diphtheria prevented?

Diphtheria can be prevented with antibiotics and vaccines, called the diphtheria vaccine (DTaP), it is usually given in one shot along with the whooping cough and tetanus vaccines, and the DTaP vaccine is given in a series of five shots, which are given to children at the following ages:

  • 2 months
  • 4 months
  • 6 months
  • From 15 to 18 months
  • From 4 to 6 years

In rare cases, a child may have an allergic reaction to the vaccine, and this can lead to seizures, which later will go away.

The vaccinations only last for 10 years, so your child should be vaccinated again at age 12. For adults, it is recommended that you get a combined dose of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis once, every 10 years after that, you will receive a tetanus vaccine. (Td), which by taking these steps can help prevent you or your child from contracting diphtheria in the future.

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We have presented to you through the past lines the symptoms of respiratory diphtheria, how to treat it, and the reasons for its occurrence, along with some complications that may occur if it is not treated, so read the article carefully to get to know everything related to respiratory diphtheria.

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