Information about cotton cultivation in Egypt, of course, cotton cultivation is from widespread agriculture as approximately 20 million tons are produced annually in about 90 countries, as half of the amount of fibers used in the textile industry is cotton, and this is when compared with the rest Industrial products. Now here is information about cotton cultivation in Egypt.
Information about cotton cultivation in Egypt: –
- There is some information about cotton cultivation in Egypt, as Egyptian cotton is of high quality and has a great historical fame, and its production declined by the end of the twentieth century, and the most important reasons that led to this are administrative and financial corruption, after the cotton had enormous specifications.
- Egyptian cotton is distinguished by its softness and long staple. It is used in high-quality textiles. The majority of the cotton crop is exported to all parts of the world, but a small percentage of it is used in local manufacturing, as the export comes with more income than it can be manufactured.
- One of the problems facing Egyptian cotton cultivation is that the quality of this long-staple cotton is gradually being replaced by other, lower quality varieties, in addition to the weakness of the capabilities used in the manufacture of textiles from Egyptian cotton, and this is some information on cotton cultivation in Egypt.
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The stages of cotton cultivation with pictures: –
The stages of cotton cultivation are done with pictures through the following:
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- Reaping cotton: As during the period between harvesting the crop and the opening of the cotton, the cotton suffers then from a decline in its quality levels, and this comes due to its exposure to wind and rain, and pollution with sand and dirt, so the farmer must harvest the cotton as soon as the amygdala opens.
- Ginning cotton: Now the cotton is divided into compressed bags until it is sent to the gins, in order to start the process of separating the staple from the seed, then the ginned cotton is compressed divided into bales, as for the separated seeds, they are taken for the following year, and the remaining parts are sent to the mills.
- Sorting and classification: Here the evaluation and judging of the quality of the cotton takes place, as samples of bales are taken and sent to government classification sites.
The degree of cotton quality varies according to the percentage of impurities that are present in the samples, the color of the fibers as well, and the changes that occurred in the impact of pests and insects, and these are the stages of cotton cultivation with pictures.
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Cotton cultivation methods: –
Cotton cultivation methods are done in two ways only, namely (the traditional method and the mechanical method), and we will explain each of them separately, by explaining the following: –
- The traditional method: in which farmers use traditional tillage, by cutting the cotton stems, then the residues that can remain under the surface of the ground are transferred, and often the stems are left standing, taking care to leave the remains of plants on the surface of the ground.
This is all done after the harvest in the spring, but farmers in southern Texas plant early cotton in February, and they use special methods designed to plant seeds by using natural vegetable fertilizer, which can cover the soil surface.
- The mechanical method: in which farmers plant approximately 10 to 24 rows at one time, and the farmer prepares one trench, or a small trench in each row, and an appropriate amount of seeds is placed in it and then the soil is covered and prepared from above.
Also, the seeds are planted at regular intervals and their cultivation takes place in the form of pits, and machines are used in it called culture medium, in order to uproot weeds, which can compete in controlling water, soil nutrients and sunlight, and these were the methods of cotton cultivation.
Date of cultivation of cotton in Egypt: –
The date for planting cotton in Egypt depends on the soil temperature at 15 degrees for ten consecutive days, also at a depth of 20 cm at eight in the morning, as planting in a timely manner leads to: –
- Decreased level of the first date node.
- Increase the amount of large blossoming almonds and increase the amount of flowers.
- Crop rank quality and increase.
- Avoiding and reducing pest infestation, especially borer insects and almond worms.
- Preserving the distinctive staple qualities.
- One of the most important elements of integrated control is planting at the appropriate time.
- The date also varies according to the texture of the soil, as in the old lands it is during the month of March when the appropriate weather conditions are available.
- And in light and sandy lands it could be until mid-April, due to the quality of ventilation and good service for these lands, and this was about the date of cotton cultivation in Egypt.
Cotton cultivation places: –
- By explaining the places where the cotton is grown, we can say that approximately 20 million tons of cotton are produced in one year, through 90 countries, and that (China, the United States, India, Pakistan, Uzbekistan, West Africa) represent about more than 75% of the world cotton production.
- Half of the fibers used to manufacture textiles and other garments around the world are made of cotton when compared with the rest of the industrial products.
- Also, at the present time, cotton is produced in three countries, and Greece is the main producer as it cultivates about 80% of the European cotton area, and after that comes Spain, specifically the Andalusia region, as it constitutes 20%.
- Bulgaria produces cotton on less than 1000 hectares, and in 1991 cotton production stopped in Italy, and in 1996 it stopped production in Portugal, and this is from the places where cotton is grown and the places where cotton cultivation has been stopped.
Problems of cotton cultivation in Egypt: –
There are some problems of cotton cultivation in Egypt, and among these problems are the following:
- Abolishing marketing rings and collecting the cotton crop from farmers through cooperative societies, agricultural credit and development banks. All this caused the farmers to fall prey to companies.
- The farmer’s inability to market the cotton and market the crop that he has accumulated means that the farmer is reluctant to grow cotton.
- Among the problems is also the amendment to the investment law, which relates to the establishment of real estate companies for ginning, most of which were eliminated by selling, as they are located in privileged places, in addition to the state’s interest in the investor and its support more than supporting the farmer.
- The farmer was subjected to neglect by the state, in light of the high agricultural costs of fertilizers and pesticides, and this matter affected the farmer significantly.
- Now the seeds have become multiplied and expensive, unlike in the past, the peasant used to grow cotton, and after the harvest, it was handed over to the government in associations.
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