A short research on the effects of wars on the destruction of the environment, the natural environment has been a strategic element in the war since the first rock was thrown by the first inhabitant of the caves, and according to history, the armies of ancient Rome and Assyria, to ensure the complete surrender of their enemies, put salt in the fertile ground of Their opponents, rendering the soil useless for agriculture, also early use of military insecticides, one of the most devastating environmental impacts of the war.
Introduction Research on the effects of wars on the destruction of the environment
War is going on differently today, of course it has widespread environmental impacts that last much longer, technology has changed, and the potential impacts of technology are very different.
Modern chemical, biological and nuclear warfare has the potential to cause unprecedented environmental havoc that we have not fortunately seen, and this is a huge threat.
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But in some cases, precision weapons and technological advances can protect the environment by targeting key facilities, rendering other areas intact.
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The impact of war today
Wars today occur infrequently between independent states, often, armed conflict erupts between competing factions within a nation.
In these local civil wars, internal conflict is seen as a matter of sovereignty and an internal issue, and as a result, environmental damage, like human rights violations, is not subject to oversight by external organizations.
Although skirmishes, armed conflicts and open wars differ enormously according to the region and the weapons used, the effects of war on the environment usually fall into the following broad categories:
Perhaps the most famous example of habitat destruction occurred during the Vietnam War when American forces sprayed herbicides over forests and mangrove swamps that provided guerrilla cover. An estimated 20 million gallons of herbicide were used, resulting in the decimation of about 4.5 million acres of countryside. Some areas are not expected to recover for several decades.
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When war causes the mass flight of people, the impacts on the environment can be catastrophic. Large-scale deforestation, uncontrolled hunting, soil erosion and land and water pollution by human waste occur when thousands of people are forced to settle in a new area.
During the Rwandan conflict in 1994, Akagera National Park was opened in that country for refugees; As a result, local populations of animals such as the Rwandan antelope became extinct.
Warships, cargo planes, and trucks often carry more soldiers and ammunition, and non-native plants and animals can invade new areas, eliminating native species in the process.
The Pacific island of Lisan was once home to a number of rare plants and animals, but troop movements during and after World War II produced rats that wiped out nearly most of the plants and disrupted the ecosystem.
Among the weakest and most vulnerable targets of the military campaign are enemy roads, bridges, facilities and infrastructure, while these are not part of the natural environment, the destruction of wastewater treatment plants, for example, severely degrades regional water quality.
During the 1990s fighting in Croatia, chemical factories were bombed, because chemical spill treatment facilities were not operational, poisons were asked downstream without supervision until the conflict ended.
Increased environmentally destructive production
Even in areas not directly affected by war, increased production in the manufacturing, agriculture, and other industries that support the war effort can wreak havoc on the natural environment.
During World War I, former wilderness areas of the United States became under cultivation of wheat, cotton, and other crops, while the vast timber of timber was evident to meet the wartime demand for wood products.
Scorched Earth Practices
The destruction of our homeland is a long tradition, albeit tragic, and in wartime, the term “scorched earth” originally applied to burning crops and buildings that might nourish the enemy and shelter them, but now it applies to any environmentally destructive strategy.
Thwarting Japanese forces during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945), Chinese authorities blew up a dam on the Yellow River, drowning thousands of Japanese soldiers and thousands of Chinese peasants, while also flooding millions of square miles of land.
If an army is crawling on its stomach, as it is often said, feeding an army often requires hunting native animals, especially larger mammals whose reproductive rates are often slower.
In the ongoing war in Sudan, thieves searching for meat for soldiers and civilians had a tragic effect on the bush animal populations in Garamba National Park, across the border in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, at some point, the number of elephants shrank from 22,000 to 5,000, and there were only 15 white rhinos She stayed alive.
Biological, chemical and nuclear weapons
The production, testing, transfer and use of these advanced weapons is perhaps the most devastating impact of war on the environment, although their use has been very limited since the bombing of Japan by the US military at the end of World War II, military analysts have major concerns about the proliferation of nuclear materials and chemical weapons. And biological.
War damage to plants and water
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Conclusion research on the effects of wars on the destruction of the environment
In the conclusion of this article, we presented to you a short study on the effects of wars on the destruction of the environment. We are aware of the terrible danger that surrounds us. We hope that the weapons and influence will not fall into the hands of an imbecile and destroy our entire lives.