In this article, we will learn together about the meaning of schizophrenia, what it is called and its effect on the person and everyone around him, what are the signs and symptoms of schizophrenia, its diagnosis, treatment, and how the patient copes with it.
Meaning of schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is a severe disturbance of the mind that affects the behavior and thinking of the sufferer and also affects his increased awareness.
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Schizophrenia is often accompanied by psychotic symptoms, for example hearing voices or delusions.
Schizophrenia is considered one of the most common mental illnesses, as statistics from the World Health Organization have estimated that there are 21 million or more people infected around the world.
What is called schizophrenia
Schizophrenia, schizophrenia, or schizophrenia, scientists have not yet been able to identify the main cause behind schizophrenia, but it is likely that this disease occurs as a result of a mixture of genetic factors, i.e. hereditary and environmental, which may cause disturbances in the neurotransmitters within The brain or some changes within the structure of the brain.
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Factors that pose a risk in schizophrenia
Doctors have known a number of factors that increase the risk of developing schizophrenia, namely:
The risk of developing schizophrenia increases in people who have previously had a family member with schizophrenia.
Maternal health during pregnancy
Exposure of a fetus in its mother’s womb to a virus infection, exposure to dangerous substances, or malnutrition during pregnancy leads to an increased risk of developing schizophrenia in the future.
Parent age increase
The risk of a son developing schizophrenia increases with the age of the parent.
Having an immune system problem
Various infections, immune system disorders, and increased activity in the immune system may increase the risk of developing schizophrenia.
Taking medications or chemicals
Taking medications that affect a person’s psyche, such as sedative medications, treating depression, or taking drugs during childhood or adolescence.
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What are the symptoms and signs of schizophrenia
Symptoms of schizophrenia usually begin to appear during the twenties, and these symptoms differ among patients, the most important of which are:
They are beliefs that contradict logic and reality, and the affected person makes the illusion that he has been exposed to harm or danger without any logical reasons behind this matter.
Auditory hallucinations: These are hearing voices that are not real.
Visual hallucinations: This is when a person sees objects that do not really exist.
And this appears in patients with schizophrenia during his speech and speech and it is sometimes irregular, not interconnected or incomprehensible, as we notice on patients with schizophrenia that they are not able to communicate or interact properly with others.
Behavioral and movement disorder
These symptoms vary in severity among patients.
We notice in patients with schizophrenia that they do not show any feelings.
The sufferer’s lack of feeling or the lack of expression of his feelings.
His thoughts or moods do not match the situation, for example he cries instead of laughing when hearing a joke.
Withdrawal of the injured person from his family life, or life and social activities.
He feels a lack of his energy.
Loss of a sense of pleasure or interest in life.
Does bad health habits.
There are problems with his job performance, whether he is in school, at work, or in any other activity.
Feeling rigidity: It is a condition in which the affected person remains in the same position continuously and for a long period of time.
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Diagnosis of schizophrenia
If any symptoms or signs indicate the presence of schizophrenia, the doctor performs a full body examination and reviews the patient’s medical past. Although there are no laboratory tests that can confirm that the patient has schizophrenia, the doctor can perform several different procedures and examinations, for example: X-rays or various blood tests, in order to make sure that the possibility that these symptoms are caused by Another disease that has the same symptoms as schizophrenia.
If the doctor is unable to detect any other diseases that cause these symptoms, he may direct the patient to make an examination with the psychiatrist, or any of the psychologists who have received appropriate training in order to diagnose and treat each of the mental illnesses.
The psychiatrist conducts an interview that has been prepared with special evaluation tools in order to evaluate the affected person in order to determine if the patient suffers from a psychological disorder.
The doctor determines his diagnosis according to the patient’s report of his symptoms. The doctor also monitors the patient to diagnose his actions. It is confirmed that a person suffers from schizophrenia if clear symptoms and signs of the disease appear in a period of not less than 6 months.
How to treat schizophrenia
Psychotherapy relieves schizophrenia. Treating schizophrenia works to reduce symptoms, reduce the severity of symptoms and reduce the likelihood of a recurrence of schizophrenia, or a recurrence of symptoms.
Includes treatment for schizophrenia
Psychological rehabilitation “Rehabilitation”, in which the focus is on developing the person’s social skills and training them professionally in order to help the schizophrenic patient to integrate and perform his duties within the community and to be able to live his life independently.
Individual psychotherapy aims to help patients with schizophrenia understand their illness, which they suffer from, and to help the patient face his problem and develop methods that solve it.
Family psychotherapy aims to help the family of a schizophrenic patient to deal with him in a better way, and to give them all the means to help him in the best way.
Groups to support him and his treatment, they aim to provide mutual support.
Treat the patient inside the hospital.
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
Intracerebral surgical treatment.
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How to cope with schizophrenia
Stick to all treatments recommended by your doctor.
Learn all ways to relax and de-stress, such as meditation or yoga exercises.
How to prevent schizophrenia
It is very difficult to prevent schizophrenia, but treating this early disease can control the disease before it develops dangerous complications.
Adhere to treatment to avoid the disease returning to you or until your mental state worsens.
Complications that can occur as a result of schizophrenia
The patient is at greater risk of suicide.
The patient is highly vulnerable to addiction.
People with schizophrenia are at greater risk of addiction to narcotic substances, for example: marijuana or alcoholism, and the death rate for patients with schizophrenia is twice the death rate for the rest of the people.